Firstly, Hydropower is one of the oldest and most widely used renewable sources of energy in the world. Whereas, Brazil has the largest installed hydropower capacity in South America. Brazil has an estimate population of 208,600,000 people which consists of 64 % of total Brazilian energy capacity. Some plant has utilized to feed the world’s growing electricity needs throughout the past 135 years. They use a clean fuel source that doesn’t pollute the air in the same way as burning fossil fuels and it also considered as affordable. Also, Hydroelectric projects provide benefits such as flood control, irrigation, water supply storage, and recreational uses. In this article, we are listing Top 10 Largest Hydro Electric Projects In Brazil.
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List Of Top 10 Largest Hydro Electric Projects In Brazil
Belo Monte Dam
Belo Monte Dam is a hydroelectric dam which is situated on the northern part of the Xingu River in the state of Para, Brazil. Also, it is the second-largest hydroelectric dam complex in Brazil. Whereas, the install capacity of the dam complex is 11,233 megawatts from that brazil consist of over 85% of the electrical energy.
This Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Tocantins River and it is located on Tucurui County in the State of Para, Brazil. This dam is mostly used for two purposes of the dam is hydroelectric power production and navigation. Whereas, the capacity of this 25-unit plant is 8,370 megawatts which is the first large-scale hydroelectric project in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. The dam was constructed in 1980 and ended in 1984 which means 4 years.
The Xingo Dam is a concrete face rock-fill dam which is situated on the border of Alagoas and Sergipe, near Piranhas, Brazil. Whereas, the hydroelectric power generation as it supports a 3,162 megawatts power station with 830-meter long and 140-meter high. The dam was constructed between 1987 and 1994 and it was commissioned in 1997.
Paulo Afonso Dam
This dam is a system of three dams and five hydroelectric power plants. Also, the dam is famous as Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex. Whereas, it is located near the city of Paulo Afonso in Bahia, Brazil. As it contains a total of 23 generators with an installed capacity of 4,279.6 megawatts. As it was constructed in 1979 which has an 80-meter (260 ft) natural gap on the river.
Jirau Dam is made of a rock-fill with an asphalt-concrete core which is the strongest combination. These hydroelectric power stations own 50 turbines each 75 MW resulting total installed capacity of 3,750 MW. Whereas it is located in the state of Rondonia, Brazil and one of the most expensive plants in-country of the total construction cost 15.6 billion.
Santo Antonio Dam
This dam is situated on the Madeira River 6 km southwest of Porto Velho in the state of Rondonia, Brazil. Whereas, the power station consists of 50 turbines each rated at 71.6 MW which resulting in a total installed capacity of 3,580 MW. As it was constructed in December 2016 to export to south-eastern Brazil. The dam is a part of the Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America.
Ilha Solteira Dam
The Ilha Solteira Dam is situated near Ilha Solteira in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The power plant contains 20 generators with Francis turbines which has a capacity of 3,444 megawatts. Whereas, it was constructed between 1967 and 1973 which can produce 17.9 billion kWh of electricity. This hydroelectric power production can help to manage flood control and navigation.
This power plant is the sixth-largest plant in Brazil. The Itumbiara Dam is an embankment dam which is situated near Itumbiara in Goias, Brazil. The dam was constructed between 1963 and 1965. Whereas, its total cost is $125 million for construction which was financed by the World Bank. Also, it has the largest installed capacity of Eletrobras Furnas power plants.
The dam was first contested by Argentina as it is located on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. This hydroelectric plant has a new world record of 103,098,366 megawatt-hours and surpassed the three Gorges Dam plant in energy production. Also, this hydroelectric power plant produced as the most energy of any in the world as of 2016.
The Miranda Dam is located in the municipality Miranda Douro, Brazil where the river forms the national border line between Spain and Portuga. This Dam started constructed in 1955 and completed in 1961. Also, it is one of the most popular dams in the country which has a crest altitude of 535 m.